HIV adult prevalence in the general population is estimated at 2.5%. Approximately 190,000 people are living with HIV, 91% of whom are adults (15+ years). The 2017 Integrated Biological and Behavioural Survey conducted amongst men who have sex with men indicated a HIV prevalence of 3.3% among this key population.

Progress against the UNAIDS 90-90-90 cascade is estimated at 24-16-83.17 Antiretroviral treatment coverage is low (estimated at 16% in 2018) and prevention of mother to child transmission coverage remains low at 56% in 2018.

Progress made


Area of improvement


Estimated people living with HIV in South Sudan (2018)


AIDS-related deaths in 2018


People living with HIV (PLHIV) on anti-retroviral treatment (2018)


Active anti-retroviral treatment sites in South Sudan (2018)

HIV/AIDS treatment and services scale-up: The number of anti-retroviral treatment sites, several of which also provide TB treatment services, increased from 56 in 2017 to 76 in 2018, however, reports were only received from 69 active sites by December 2018. The target is to have 105 anti-retroviral treatment sites by 2020.

The focus on delivering anti-retroviral treatment as close to home as possible has contributed to a 102% increase in people on anti-retroviral treatment between 2015 and 2018. Whilst a significant increase has been realized, and the target of 15% was exceeded in Q4 2018, only 17% of people living with HIV currently receive anti-retroviral treatment. The ‘mentor mother’ program (mother-to-mother support services) has improved HIV prevention and awareness, facilitating an increased uptake of HIV services, including testing, treatment, care and support.

In 2018, early infant diagnosis services started at 33 sites, and prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) sites increased to 125 (from 77 sites in 2017). The gradual integration of PMTCT into antenatal care is steadily progressing. Overall coverage, however, remains low at 42% in 2018.

Stigma Fuels HIV/AIDS

What is it?
ST2011 is a killer negative perception that infects those with low knowledge, making them so scared they discriminate against people who are different.
Stigma is now targeting people living with HIV. Stigmatization of HIV positive individuals scares everybody and prevents us from seeking information, treatment, counselling, and from leading healthy and productive lives.
HIV-related stigma, like racism, homophobia, discrimination against women or any type of discriminatory attitude, has no place in the UN workplace.
Who gets hurt?
  1. Everyone. A working place where stigma and discrimination exist is not a healthy workplace.
  2. People Living with HIV. By being rejected by stigma carriers, HIV positive individuals are forced to hide their status, miss out on life-saving treatment, counselling and other forms of support.
  3. HIV Negative Persons. If stigma persists, people are scared even to obtain information for themselves and for their family members. Without accurate information about HIV prevention, treatment and care, everyone is at a higher risk of becoming infected with HIV.
Treatment and Cures
If you are a carrier of stigma, there are treatments and cures:
  • Attend UN Cares learning events available in your office.
  • Visit the UN Cares website to find out more.
  • Take home a copy of the UN Cares booklet and share it with your loved ones.
  • Get acquainted with the UN Policies regarding HIV in the workplace.
  • Support World AIDS Day events.
  • Visit the UN Plus website and share it with colleagues and friends.
  • Read the 10 key facts about HIV.
NOW take our FREE DOWNLOADS to show everyone you are stigma-free!